Waste management to zero waste: Global perspectives and review of Indian law and policy

Kumar, Surendra and Bhati, Harsh Vardhan (2022) Waste management to zero waste: Global perspectives and review of Indian law and policy. In: Emerging trends to approaching zero waste: Environmental and social perspectives. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 79-101. ISBN 978-0-323-85403-0

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The sharp rise in waste and consequently the waste management in India has received little attention in the policy circles. The waste management is subsumed under the umbrella of environmental protection framework in India of reducing, recycling, and reduction (3R), which has its own limitations. To address the problem of rising waste which has nexus with the rise in population, urbanization, and globalization, beyond conventional measures have to be explored. We propose a framework to include the zero-waste concept which has gained traction in the past few decades globally. Few cities in India and across the globe along with few countries are exemplar of the approach of zero waste by trying to move beyond 3R by designing a system in which the waste generation rather than waste addressal is the focus. The role of decentralized waste management has been highlighted which has been critical in the success of zero waste. Zero waste is philosophical and conceptual framework which has not yet percolated fully in Indian judiciary as well as policy framework. This gap between law, policy, and practice on zero waste requires urgent attention by the stakeholders nationally and internationally. The zero waste is an ideal aspiration which requires reconfiguration of our linear economy to circular economy and look at waste not as by product but rather negative externality which has to be consciously addressed. Looking through the law and policy for the past two decades on waste management, we emphasize the importance of environmental consciousness as well as judicial insensitivity toward adoption of zero waste.

Item Type: Book Section
Keywords: Waste management | Zero waste | Municipal solid waste | Indian Supreme Court | Urban local bodies | Decentralization | Segregation | Circular economy
Subjects: Physical, Life and Health Sciences > Engineering and Technology
Physical, Life and Health Sciences > Environmental Science, Policy and Law
JGU School/Centre: Jindal Global Law School
Depositing User: Shilpi Rana
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2022 06:41
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2022 05:40
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-85403-0.00013-X
URI: https://pure.jgu.edu.in/id/eprint/999


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