Healthcare investment and income inequality

Bhattacharjee, Ayona, Shin, Jong Kook, Subramanian, Chetan and Swaminathan, Shailender (2017) Healthcare investment and income inequality. Journal of Health Economics, 56. pp. 163-177. ISSN 1676296

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This paper examines how the relative shares of public and private health expenditures impact income inequality. We study a two period overlapping generation's growth model in which longevity is determined by both private and public health expenditure and human capital is the engine of growth. Increased investment in health, reduces mortality, raises return to education and affects income inequality. In such a framework we show that the cross-section earnings inequality is non-decreasing in the private share of health expenditure. We test this prediction empirically using a variable that proxies for the relative intensity of investments (private versus public) using vaccination data from the National Sample Survey Organization for 76 regions in India in the year 1986–87. We link this with region-specific expenditure inequality data for the period 1987–2012. Our empirical findings, though focused on a specific health investment (vaccines), suggest that an increase in the share of the privately provided health care results in higher inequality.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Public and Private Health | Longevity | Income Inequality | Growth
Subjects: Social Sciences and humanities > Business, Management and Accounting > Business and International Management
JGU School/Centre: Jindal Global Business School
Depositing User: Amees Mohammad
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2022 06:56
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2022 06:56
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