The crisis of extreme inequality in India

Anand, Ishan and Thampi, Anjana (2021) The crisis of extreme inequality in India. Indian Journal of Labour Economics, 64 (3). pp. 663-683. ISSN 9717927

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The Covid-19 pandemic and the lockdowns have exposed and exacerbated the crisis of extreme inequalities in India. Using multiple nationally representative sample surveys, we analyse various dimensions of inequality in the labour market and in the access to basic amenities. We briefly indicate our most striking findings. Substantial gaps in earnings by gender, caste and area of residence persist. On average, female earnings were 63% of male earnings, earnings of the Scheduled Castes were 55% of the earnings of the relatively advantaged social groups, and rural earnings were only half of urban earnings in 2018–2019. About 905 million people did not have access to piped water, 287 million did not have access to toilets, 127 million lived in rented accommodations, and one-fourth of the population lived in single-room dwellings in 2017–2018. The implications of the long-term neglect of the public healthcare system and the disparities in the access to education are discussed. The evidence highlights the need for a new paradigm of development—one that puts redistribution at the heart of its agenda.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Earnings | Inequality | Labour
Subjects: Social Sciences and humanities > Economics, Econometrics and Finance > Economics
Social Sciences and humanities > Social Sciences > Sociology
Social Sciences and humanities > Social Sciences > Demography
JGU School/Centre: Jindal Global Law School
Depositing User: Mr. Syed Anas
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2021 06:32
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2022 18:13
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