HPV-associated cancers: insights into the mechanistic scenario and latest updates

Mukherjee, Anirban Goutam, Ramesh Wanjari, Uddesh, Valsala Gopalakrishnan, Abilash, Jayaraj, Rama, Katturajan, Ramkumar, Kannampuzha, Sandra, Murali, Reshma, Namachivayam, Arunraj, Evan Prince, Sabina, Vellingiri, Balachandar, Dey, Abhijit and Renu, Kaviyarasi (2023) HPV-associated cancers: insights into the mechanistic scenario and latest updates. Medical Oncology, 40 (8): 212. ISSN 1357-0560

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Cancer and related diseases are the second leading cause of death worldwide. The human papillomavirus (HPV) is an infectious agent that can be spread mainly through sexual contact and has been linked to several malignancies in both sexes. HPV is linked to almost all cases of cervical cancer. It is also linked to many head and neck cancer (HNC) cases, especially oropharyngeal cancer. Also, some HPV-related cancers, like vaginal, vulvar, penile, and anal cancers, are related to the anogenital area. Over the past few decades, testing for and preventing cervical cancer has improved, but anogenital cancers are still harder to confirm. HPV16 and HPV18 have been extensively researched due to their significant carcinogenic potential. The products of two early viral genes, E6 and E7, have been identified as playing crucial roles in cellular transformation, as emphasized by biological investigations. The complete characterization of numerous mechanisms employed by E6 and E7 in undermining the regulation of essential cellular processes has significantly contributed to our comprehension of HPV-induced cancer progression. This review focuses on the various types of cancers caused by HPV infection and also sheds light on the signaling cascades involved in the same.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Cancers | HPV Infection | Immunology | Vaccines
Subjects: Physical, Life and Health Sciences > Biology
JGU School/Centre: Jindal Institute of Behavioural Sciences
Depositing User: Amees Mohammad
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2023 04:59
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2023 04:59
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12032-023-02085-8
URI: https://pure.jgu.edu.in/id/eprint/6353


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