Integrated production of polyhydroxyalkonate (bioplastic) with municipal wastewater and sludge treatment for sustainable development

Kumar, Mukesh, Dvgon, Inderpal, Bala, Ritu, Rana, Abhishek, Somal, Manpreet Kaur, Sachan, Rohan and Karanwal, Arun (2022) Integrated production of polyhydroxyalkonate (bioplastic) with municipal wastewater and sludge treatment for sustainable development. In: Integrated Environmental Technologies for Wastewater Treatment and Sustainable Development. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 283-203. ISBN 978-032398485-0

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Municipal wastewater is one of the wastes which can be used as a substrate for microbial growth. Municipal waste contains sludge, which is considered an end product of wastewater treatment plants, contributing to higher costs for its management. However, the sludge has the highest amount of organic matter, which can produce high-value products, especially polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs). Through volarization and fixation of methane by microbial consortium can lower the methane content in the sludge and can be integrated with the production of PHA. PHA has gain far more interest in past few decades due to its biodegradable and biofriendly nature towards the environment. PHA is thermoplastic polyesters produced by various classes of microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, and algae. These are produced under stress condition like nutrient limitation. The process includes four major steps: i) Treatment of wastewater through enrichment and later, end product directed for PHA sustaining biomass; ii) production of volatile fatty acids (VFA) or VFA rich stream through acidogenic fermentation; iii) production and accumulation of PHA using VFA rich stream; and iv) downstream process for PHA recovery. The following chapter will be detailed summary the effective utilization of sewage sludge to produce PHAs via integrating municipal water treatment and PHA production.

Item Type: Book Section
Keywords: Polyhydroxyalkanoates | Volatile Fatty Acids | Municipal Waste Water Treatment Activated Sludge | Biodegradation | Biocompatibility | Bioplastic
Subjects: Physical, Life and Health Sciences > Engineering and Technology
JGU School/Centre: Jindal Global Law School
Depositing User: Amees Mohammad
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2022 13:32
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2022 13:32
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