A cross-sectional comparative study of sleep disturbances in children with ADHD and matched controls

Joseph, Angela Ann, Gupta, Anupama, Hazari, Nandita, Kalaivani, Mani, Pandey, Ravindra Mohan, Sagar, Rajesh, Mehta, Manju and Shukla, Garima (2022) A cross-sectional comparative study of sleep disturbances in children with ADHD and matched controls. Brain Sciences, 12 (9): 1158. pp. 1-21. ISSN 2076-3425

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Systematic reviews conducted on sleep disturbances in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have found inconsistent results due to the presence of several moderating variables which were not controlled for in previous studies. The aim of this study was to examine sleep disturbances in children with ADHD compared to their typically developing peers after controlling for moderating variables (age, sex, medication status, body mass index, and psychiatric and medical comorbidities). Methods: ADHD was diagnosed using DSM-IV-TR criteria (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) and Conners’ Parent Rating Scales. Children recruited (aged 6–12 years) for the ADHD group (n = 40) met the following criteria: IQ > 80, unmedicated, and no psychiatric or medical comorbidities. The control group consisted of age- and sex-matched typically developing peers (n = 40). Sleep was assessed subjectively (through parent reported questionnaires and sleep logs) and objectively (using video polysomnography). Results: 65% of children with ADHD had a sleep disorder, as compared to 17% of controls. The ADHD group reported more sleep disturbances and disorders, both on subjective measures and objective measures. Conclusions: Sleep disturbances and primary sleep disorders in children with ADHD exist independent of moderating variables and differences in sleep assessment methods, thereby bolstering support for previously documented literature on the ADHD and sleep connection.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Sleep disturbance | ADHD | Polysomnography
Subjects: Social Sciences and humanities > Psychology > Clinical Psychology
JGU School/Centre: Jindal School of Liberal Arts & Humanities
Depositing User: Amees Mohammad
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2022 04:51
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2022 04:05
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci12091158
URI: https://pure.jgu.edu.in/id/eprint/4347


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