Mathematical modelling of Visakhapatnam Port utilizing the porous and non‑porous breakwaters with finite depth green function

Kumar, Prashant, Priya, Prachi and -, Rajni (2022) Mathematical modelling of Visakhapatnam Port utilizing the porous and non‑porous breakwaters with finite depth green function. Ocean Dynamic, 72. pp. 557-576. ISSN 1616-7228

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A mathematical model based on the three-dimensional (3-D) boundary element method (BEM), including porous and non-porous breakwaters, is developed to determine the wave trapping characteristics of porous breakwater over the partially reflecting walls with variable bathymetry. In this formulation, a special form of Green’s function is utilized to solve the Laplace equation in the 3-D domain to enhance the numerical accuracy. The order of convergence of the present numerical scheme shows a better convergence rate than simple Green’s function. The numerical scheme with and without the porous breakwater is compared with the analytical studies of Yu et al. (1994) and Lee (1969), respectively. In addition, the numerical simulation for sloping bathymetry is conducted and compared with the analytical results of Wang et al. (2011). The numerical validation exhibits good agreement with and without porous breakwaters. Based on validation, the current numerical scheme is implemented on the realistic Visakhapatnam Port, Andhra Pradesh, India, at four different synthetic key locations S1 to S4 to analyze the hydrodynamic performance of porous and non-porous breakwaters. Wave amplification is determined for different porosity parameters, including variable linear resistance and inertial coefficient, and different reflecting coefficients of the port wall. Moreover, the wave amplitude within the Visakhapatnam Port is also estimated through a contour plot with and without porous breakwaters to identify the safe location for the moored ship. Overall, the porosity of the breakwaters and partial reflection coefficient on the port wall plays a significant role in inducing or reducing the resonance inside the port.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: 3-D boundary element method | Green’s function | Refection Coefficient | Porous breakwater | Amplification factor | Laplace equation | Visakhapatnam Port
Subjects: Social Sciences and humanities > Social Sciences > Law and Legal Studies
JGU School/Centre: Jindal Global Business School
Depositing User: Amees Mohammad
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2022 06:11
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2022 09:46
Official URL:
Funders: Department of Applied Science (Mathematics), National Institute of Technology, Delhi


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