Disaggregated IPO returns, economic uncertainty and the long-run performance of SME IPOs

Gupta, Vikas, Singh, Shveta and Yadav, Surendra S. (2021) Disaggregated IPO returns, economic uncertainty and the long-run performance of SME IPOs. International Journal of Emerging Markets. ISSN 17468809 (In Press)

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Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) play a crucial role in national economies worldwide, generating employment and contributing to innovation. This study tries to investigate the performance of the newly started IPO platform for the SMEs in India through a two-staged framework developed to measure pre-market and post-market underpricing separately and the impact of economic policy uncertainty (EPU) on the IPO returns using the EPU index which is based on newspaper coverage frequency. Further, the long-run performance of SME IPOs and the factors affecting the same have also been analyzed. The two-staged framework is helpful in capturing the impact of different factors separately on the two distinctive markets and providing effective investment strategies to the investors. Design/methodology/approach: A sample of 384 SME IPOs issued during 2012–2018 has been analyzed using robust regression analysis. Findings: The study highlights the fact that there are differences in the factors affecting pre-market and post-market underpricing and reports that investors subscription rate, issue expenses, lead manager reputation and EPU are positively associated, whereas the age of the firm is negatively associated with the pre-market underpricing, and lead manager reputation positively impacts the post-market underpricing whereas issue premium and pre-market underpricing are negatively associated. Pre-market underpricing subsumes all the impact of EPU (publicly available information) in it, hence providing credence to the semi-strong market hypothesis of the Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH). The long-run performance of SME IPOs increases with time, and lead manager reputation, pre-market and post-market underpricing are positively related to the one-year return whereas issue size, turnover and issue expense are negatively related. Originality/value: This paper is believed to be the first attempt to analyze the performance of SME IPOs by disaggregating IPO underpricing. The findings of this study will have a great insight for the investors and policymakers.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Economic policy uncertainty | Initial public offer | Post-market underpricing | Pre-market underpricing | Small and medium enterprises | Traditional underpricing
Subjects: Social Sciences and humanities > Business, Management and Accounting > General Management
JGU School/Centre: Jindal Global Business School
Depositing User: Amees Mohammad
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2022 10:45
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2022 10:45
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJOEM-09-2020-1098
URI: https://pure.jgu.edu.in/id/eprint/3529


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