Women’s workforce participation and spousal violence: Insights from India

Biswas, Arpita and Thampi, Anjana (2021) Women’s workforce participation and spousal violence: Insights from India. [Working papers (or Preprints)]

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Intimate partner violence is a serious form of unfreedom inflicted on women across the world. How does the incidence of such violence vary with women’s workforce participation – a factor that is supposed to enhance their economic well-being? Our study examines this relationship using a nationally representative dataset from India. Given vast heterogeneity among Indian women, we investigate how this link varies by their class and socio-religious identities. Treating women’s employment as endogenous, we find that it is associated with a significantly higher probability of reported spousal violence for women from all wealth quintiles except the topmost and across all social groups. Moreover, the reported risks are found to be relatively higher for disadvantaged groups. We hypothesize that these findings could be explained through the backlash effect arising from two sources: the perceived violation of socio-cultural norms by employed women and the double burden of reproductive and market work on them.

Item Type: Working papers (or Preprints)
Keywords: Spousal violence | Women’s employment | Reproductive labor | India | Inequalities | Intersectionality
Subjects: Social Sciences and humanities > Social Sciences > Gender Studies
Social Sciences and humanities > Social Sciences > Law and Legal Studies
JGU School/Centre: Jindal Global Law School
Depositing User: Mr. Syed Anas
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2022 05:17
Last Modified: 16 Mar 2022 05:17
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.7275/rbe5-jn42
URI: https://pure.jgu.edu.in/id/eprint/1659


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