Barriers for adoption of Industry 4.0 in sustainable food supply chain: A circular economy perspective

Kumar, Anish, Mangla, Sachin Kumar and Kumar, Pradeep (2022) Barriers for adoption of Industry 4.0 in sustainable food supply chain: A circular economy perspective. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management. ISSN 1741-0401

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Purpose – Food supply chains (FSCs) are fast becoming more and more complex. Sustainability is a necessary strategy in FSCs to meet the environmental, economic and societal requirements. Industry 4.0 (I4.0) applications for a circular economy (CE) will play a significant role in sustainable food supply chains (SFSCs). I4.0 applications can be used in for traceability, tracking, inspection and quality monitoring, environmental monitoring, precision agriculture, farm input optimization, process automation, etc. to improve circularity and sustainability of FSCs. However, the factors integrating I4.0 and CE adoption in SFSC are not yet very well understood. Furthermore, despite such high potential I4.0 adoption is also met with several barriers. The present study identifies and analyzes twelve barriers for the adoption of I4.0 in SFSC from an CE context.

Design/methodology/approach – A cause-effect analysis and prominence ranking of the barriers are done using Rough-DEMATEL technique. DEMATEL is a widely used technique that is applied for a structured analysis of a complex problems. The rough variant of DEMATEL helps include the uncertainty and vagueness of decision maker related to the I4.0 technologies.

Findings – “Technological immaturity,” “High investment,” “Lack of awareness and customer acceptance” and “technological limitations and lack of eco-innovation” are identified as the most prominent barriers for adoption of I4.0 in SFSC.

Originality/value – Successful mitigation of these barriers will improve the sustainability of FSCs through accelerated adoption of I4.0 solutions. The findings of the study will help managers, practitioners and planners to understand and successfully mitigate these barriers

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Sustainable food supply chain | Industry 4.0 | Rough-DEMATEL
Subjects: Social Sciences and humanities > Business, Management and Accounting > Industrial relations
JGU School/Centre: Jindal Global Business School
Depositing User: Mr. Syed Anas
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2022 10:49
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2022 10:49
Official URL:
Funders: Uttarakhand Science Education and Research Centre, India
Additional Information: The authors are grateful and acknowledge the assistance of USERC in conducting this research


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