Judging a book by its cover?: analysing the Indian approach to defining platform markets

Bhattacharya, Shilpi and Khandelwal, Pankhudi (2022) Judging a book by its cover?: analysing the Indian approach to defining platform markets. International Review of Law, Computers and Technology. ISSN 13600869 (In Press)

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One of the challenges before competition law today is to develop criteria for market definition in platform markets. The traditional tests for market definition do not serve to identify the boundaries of competition in multi-sided platforms due to the complexity of competitive constraints operating on each side of the platform. An important question that arises is whether platforms should be defined as one or separate markets on each side. The Competition Commission of India (CCI) has generally defined platform markets from one side only. However, academic literature suggests that certain platform markets should be defined from both sides of the market. This paper argues that the CCI should use a framework of market definition that accounts for interdependencies on both sides of the platform and provides clearer guidance for when platforms may be defined from one or both sides. Applying this framework, the paper finds that the CCI did not account for certain sides of Google’s search platform. This prevented the CCI from evaluating the harm to third party content providers from Google’s conduct. Further, by overlooking the multisided nature of Oyo’s platform in its market definition, the CCI disregarded the sources of power and competition in this market.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Competition law | Digital markets | Market definition
Subjects: Social Sciences and humanities > Social Sciences > Law and Legal Studies
JGU School/Centre: Jindal Global Law School
Depositing User: Mr. Syed Anas
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2022 06:43
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2023 06:40
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/13600869.2022.2030032
Additional Information: We would like to thank the anonymous reviewers of this journal and at the Academic Society of Competition Law Annual Conference 2021 for providing invaluable comments and feedback on the paper. Further, we would like to thank Arjav Kulshreshtha, Shrey Aggarwal, Amulya Upadhyay and Sharmita Sawant for diligent research assistance.
URI: https://pure.jgu.edu.in/id/eprint/1422


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