Nighttime cell phone use and sleep quality in young adults

Joshi, Suresh C., Woodward, Jay and Woltering, Steven (2022) Nighttime cell phone use and sleep quality in young adults. Sleep and Biological Rhythms, 20 (1). pp. 97-106. ISSN 14469235

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Young adults are particularly vulnerable to sleep disturbances related to their cell phone use (CPU). The purpose of this study was to test Sleep Displacement and Psychological Arousal theories of CPU-led sleep disruption in relation in a sample of university students. CPU for unstructured leisure activities before sleep (CPU_BeforeBed), as well as CPU for accessing explicit or emotionally charged media content before sleep (CPU_Arousal), were both measured. 525 (75% female) undergraduate students from a large public institution participated in this study during fall 2019. The data were collected using a battery of validated self-report questionnaires. Questionnaires included the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index scale, which was used to measure sleep latency and sleep difficulty, and a contemporary questionnaire developed to measure CPU_BeforeBed and CPU_Arousal. A crude odds ratio analysis was implemented to analyze findings. Sleep Displacement data showed higher odds of sleep latency occurring with CPU_BeforeBed [Exp (B) = 1.091, p < 0.001]. Psychological Arousal data showed higher odds of sleep difficulty occurring with CPU_Arousal [Exp (B) = 1.065, p < 0.001]. CPU_BeforeBed significantly predicted sleep latency [Exp (B) = 1.062, p < 0.01], and CPU_Arousal significantly predicted the sleep difficulty [Exp (B) = 1.069, p < 0.001] of undergraduate students. Young adults who used cell phones before sleep and access emotionally charged content before going to bed were more likely to report trouble sleeping. They took more time to fall asleep at night as their sleep hours were compressed due to CPU. These findings support the Sleep Displacement and Arousal theories of sleep disruption and provide further insight into possible mechanisms for sleep disturbance in young adults. © 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Japanese Society of Sleep Research.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Arousal effects | Nighttime cell phone use | Sleep difficulty | Sleep latency | Young adults
Subjects: Social Sciences and humanities > Psychology > Applied Psychology
JGU School/Centre: Jindal School of Psychology & Counselling
Depositing User: Amees Mohammad
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2022 06:52
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2022 18:14
Official URL:


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